Hyaluronic acid is a naturally-occurring substance in skin known for its stunning capacity to attract and hold onto 1000x its weight in moisture. It works overtime by replenishing skin to enhance a healthy, supple look and feel. As we age, our natural hyaluronic acid levels deplete, and that loss of moisture means drier, rougher and lined skin. The moisture that hyaluronic acid attracts comes from your external environment, so it absorbs moisture from the air around you to leave skin plumped and hydrated.
Niacinamide (Niancin or Vitamin B3) helps restore cellular energy, repair damaged DNA, and reduce the immunosuppressive effects of sun-induced UV rays. It has been shown to prevent the transfer of pigment within the skin, which can help reduce brown spots. Niacinamide helps to fight free radicals. What are free radicals you ask? Oxygen in the body splits into single atoms with unpaired electrons. Electrons like to be in pairs, so these atoms, called free radicals, scavenge the body to seek out other electrons so they can become a pair. This causes damage to cells, proteins and DNA.
Niacinamide also may help fade pigmentation, reduce wrinkles, attack acne and regulate oil production, amongst many other skin benefits.
As a moisturising ingredient Panthenol (Vitamin B5) stabilises the skin’s barrier function, reducing the amount of water lost through the skin. This, in turn, improves skin texture and elasticity, making it ideal for treating dry, scaly or coarse skin. Mature skin perceived smoother and more supple. Thanks to its soothing and repairing properties, Panthenol may also helps relieve inflamed acne and skin that has recently undergone clinical treatment, such as chemical peeling. Even eczema may be relieved and sunburned skin benefits from it, as the ingredient accelerates healing in the skin.